Publié le 6 juillet 2018
This article investigates how the new spirit of capitalism gets inscribed in the fabric of search algorithms by way of social practices. Drawing on the tradition of the social construction of technology (SCOT) and 17 qualitative expert interviews it discusses how search engines and their revenue models are negotiated and stabilized in a network of actors and interests, website providers and users first and foremost. It further shows how corporate search engines and their capitalist ideology are solidified in a socio-political context characterized by a techno-euphoric climate of innovation and a politics of privatization. This analysis provides a valuable contribution to contemporary search engine critique mainly focusing on search engines’ business models and societal implications. It shows that a shift of perspective is needed from impacts search engines have on society towards social practices and power relations involved in the construction of search engines to renegotiate search engines and their algorithmic ideology in the future.
new spirit of capitalism
social construction of technology
CATÉGORIESTechniques algorithmiques Types de systèmes algorithmiques Apprentissage (machine learning): supervisé (prédictif) ou non-supervisé Questions sociales, éthiques et juridiques Bulle filtrante Domaines d'application Ethique Explicabilité des algorithmes Evaluation expérimentales (peut se trouver aussi dans “Biais”) Moteurs de recherche Opacité, asymétrie informationnelle Réseaux sociaux Responsabilité, redevabilité